This blog is for people who want to learn about Parliament of India in a very simple language. Let’s understand Indian houses first. We have two houses. One is Rajya Sabha (State Council), and another is Lok Sabha (House of People). We call State Council because Rajya Sabha members are elected or nominated by the members of all the State Legislative Assembly by proportional representative whereas, in Lok Sabha, people are the decision makers. The number of Lok Sabha members are 545 and in Rajya Sabha are 245. You may see many celebrities as a Rajya Sabha member who is from different fields of science, culture, art and history.
As the state elections conduct elections irregularly, the MPs of Rajya Sabha cannot be replaced all at once hence the rule of 1/3rd applies. It is also necessary that 1/3rd of the total Rajya Sabha members retire every two years because all the states of India don’t conduct elections concurrently. Hence, Rajya Sabha should be able to accommodate representatives of the respective states. Hence, to facilitate new members with different thoughts and fresh ideas. The tenure of Rajya Sabha member is six years fixed (by an Act of the Parliament in 1951). As seen in the last Lok Sabha election of 2014, it was the 16th constituency that ran in nine phases from 7 April to 12 May 2014. This was also the longest election in the country’s history. On the other hand, Rajya Sabha elections were held in India on March 14, and June 11, 2016, to elect 13 and 57 members of the Rajya Sabha.